Architectural Membrane Structure- Its Advantages and Usage in Sports Facilities

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Membrane structures are becoming largely popular in modern-day architecture. Although they have been used for over 50 years in form of tents, engineered tension membrane structures are being considered as viable and permanent building methods especially in sports facilities. An architectural membrane structure is a building that has been fully or partially constructed by use of tensile membranes. Some of the major sports buildings that have been developed by use of this unique and amazing technology include the London Olympic Stadium, Kuala Lumpur Formula One Circuit, and Marseilles Olympic Stadium. Other notable constructions that have architectural membrane structures include covered playgrounds, covered outdoor learning areas and multipurpose sports halls. Due to the fact that membrane structures are economical to manufacture, design, and construct, they are mostly suitable for buildings that cover a large area. The low weight of materials used in these membrane structures helps reduce time consumption as well as construction costs. Architectural Membrane Structure- Materials Used An architectural membrane structure is made by use of various materials such as PVC-coated polyester, PVC coated glass fabric, PTFE and ETFE membranes, and translucent polythene fabrics. These are the predominant materials commonly used in construction of various types of buildings. They are composed of various characteristics that give the structure desirable properties such as tensile strengt...
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WEB DESIGN USING GRID-BASED LAYOUT METHOD

Visible through the lobby window at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre are skyscrapers of Hong Kong, and Victoria Harbour. ca. 1980-2000 Hong Kong, China
With any beautiful design or structure, from architecture to painting, there lies beneath it a grid-based layout from which these creations were originally derived. It is, in essence, the unseen mathematical component of all design that, for many web designers, has become standard in the pursuit for the perfect web design. To understand what a grid-based layout for web design is, we first need to understand why it is referred to as “grid-based.” A grid is a structure consisting of intersecting straight vertical and horizontal guidelines that are made up of margins, flow-lines, columns, rows, gutters, modules, and spatial zones. This potentially complex composition provides the perfect structural base that allows a web designer to create graphic elements from, or to organise content within. It is this reason that grid-based layout is used in web design. By using grids in the website design a sense of uniformed structure is achieved for the overall website, this helps achieve better usability for website visitors as they are able to navigate and engage with the website much easily than if the content was simply thrown together without structure. Another reason grid-based layouts are used is efficiency. By designing to a grid, the actual design process is simplified because design guidelines are already in place, therefore making it easier to decide on design elements, such as width and height. When using grid-based layouts in our web design, we can either create our own grid, o...
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Reflections on Life

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Life – what is life! Life can be described in many ways and has many facets and interpretations. It presents us with an ongoing stream of experiences of situations, events and interactions of all kinds with other people and our environment. It is creation in its magnificent splendour - the original bringing into existence of the universe by God. For humans it is a journey encompassing all the seasons, colour and streams of life’s experiences. The miracle of new life in any form of creation brings wonder and amazement as we become aware of the intrinsic formation of such an unexplainable divine plan. For humans there are many rituals and traditions that help celebrate the different seasons and significant moments in life. A welcoming of a new child might entail a ritual of a Christening or Blessing in the Christian tradition or perhaps a Naming Ceremony for those less religious. In other cultures and belief systems children are welcomed in a variety of ways but none-the-less mostly it is found to be a joyful celebration of the miracle of new birth. Life can sometimes be brief - the miracle taken back from where it began just as life is beginning – the mystery of why these sad experiences happen not to be explained. Life changes for humans as the body grows and life is experienced in new ways. Learning takes place as the brain develops and intelligence is gained and used for the betterment of human kind. At times the human body suffers from physical limitations this being a cha...
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Acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine in IVF

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Over the past years, the popularity of acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine in fertility treatment has grown in the West especially because scientific studies continue to demonstrate how effective it is. Acupuncture is Chinese medical practice that has been used for centuries to promote health by restoring internal balance of the energies of the body. From round 3, 000 years ago, Chinese medicine has been used or treating reproductive issues in men and women. The combination of acupuncture, herbal medicine, diet and responsible lifestyle all have been used skillfully to bring about a harmonious state in the body hence a conducive environment for conception. Understanding IVF In-Vitro Fertilisation is basically the process where the woman’s eggs are harvested from the ovaries then the eggs are placed in a medium outside the body and mixed with sperms for fertilisation. The embryo is monitored for about five days then about two embryos are returned to the uterus for implantation. The rest of the embryos are frozen for future implantations in case the first one fails. IVF has a success rate of 29%. Women younger than 38 years have a higher pregnancy rate of 38% live births. It greatly depends on the age of the woman and her health condition including hormonal balance, emotional state, and lifestyle. How acupuncture treats infertility Recent studies support the use of acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine to treat infertility. There is an increasing amount of evid...
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Learning Management Systems for Staff Induction

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Staff induction is one of the most time consuming and occasionally most troublesome processes encountered by organisations. Staff retention and worker compliance, happiness, and success, as well of organisational efficiency depend on a great deal on how well employees fare during the first days and weeks of employment. Zahhly and Tosi (2006) found that “formal collective induction contributed to higher job satisfaction and lower work/family conflict” when compared with informal induction processes. An electronic learning management system provides a controlled, consistent platform that includes all information required by new hires, is easy for trainees and trainers to access, provides solid interaction between trainers and trainees, and assists in reinforcing learning for better retention, all contributing to higher initial job confidence. New employees who feel more confident beginning a new job are more productive, happier, and appear to remain on the job longer. A learning management system is a “platform” onto which information is loaded and managed whereby learners access information, communicate with instructors and one another, and engage in learning practices and behaviours by means of a computer connected to a local system (such as a network in a school or a business) or to the internet. The information is usually constructed as a “course” organized into chapters to break down the information presented into logical and coherent segments. Each chapter provides severa...
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3 Reasons Why IPad Cases Australia is Your Online Retailer of Choice

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Tablets are now in vogue and are providing a choice-medium for users to stay connected. Admittedly, the increasing use of an iPad fuels the need to invest in a case that would protect your device. When looking for tastefully designed, built-to-last cases for your iPad, you need the backing of a reliable online seller. Why Choose Us? Build quality An iPad case protects your prized device from damage. Rather than scrimp on the safety of your device, it is advisable to invest in a quality case that will assure you of long-term service. Well, that may mean spending a bit more but does not imply splurging either. We offer a range of reasonably priced cases that provide great value without compromising on quality. What’s more, we feature cases from industry leading manufacturers like Griffin Technology, Lifeproof, Gripcase and Gumdrop. These renowned firms epitomize high quality and functionality, implying that you can rest assured in the quality of the products we offer. The lightweight cases cover the needs of individual, business or school users. By serving diverse industries, we assure users of cases that meet their varying interests. Convenience If you’ve ever had to queue at a retail outlet to purchase a product, then you understand the frustration it may involve. The wasted time that could otherwise be put to better use is not really worth the effort. At an online store, you can shop at any time of day or night while in the comfort of your home or office. You also have ...
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